Socrates now re-introduces the Theory of Forms, making Simmias agree that there is such a thing as Equality itself--something that is independent of any particular case of equality such as equal sticks or equal stones. Therefore, the sticks or stones that Recollection in platos phaedo and meno essay equal cannot be the same thing as Equality, since they can sometimes be unequal, and Equality itself never can be.
Socrates begins by pointing out that we can be reminded of one thing by being made conscious of another thing. Simmias and Cebes agree that Socrates has shown that the soul existed before birth, but they remain unconvinced that the soul coheres after death. Someone who truly knows a subject ought to be able to explain it to others, yet most people cannot explain the things that Socrates has been explaining to Simmias.
If the form of cold is imperishable, and fire, its opposite, was within close proximity, it would have to withdraw intact as does the soul during death. We know this Form of Equality, because it comes into our minds every time we see instances of equal objects.
The Affinity Argument, explains that invisible, immortal, and incorporeal things are different from visible, mortal, and corporeal things.
This is why Socrates claims that all learning is recollection. The Form of Equality at birth, implying the soul existed before birth to carry that knowledge. Nonetheless, we would never be tempted to suggest that Equality itself is unequal. The Phaedo and the Meno are consistent, though, and the presentation of the theory in each dialogue can stand on its own.
It would seem that we lose knowledge of these Forms at birth, and it is through a process of learning that we come to recollect them and know them again. The Argument from Form of Life explains that the Forms, incorporeal and static entities, are the cause of all things in the world, and all things participate in Forms.
Phaedo tells the story that following the discussion, he and the others were there to witness the death of Socrates. Plato then suggests the analogy of fire and cold. If the equal things are different from Equality and yet can bring Equality into our minds, they must somehow remind us of the Form of Equality.
There are no instances of perfect equality in the sensible world, and yet we have had this notion of Equality for as long as we have been alive. The soul, by its very nature, participates in the Form of Life, which means the soul can never die.
This could be likened to the idea of the opposite charges of magnets. For instance, if one sees a lyre or an article of clothing that belongs to a beloved, one will immediately be reminded of the person whose lyre or clothing it is.
We are aware that the sticks or stones fall short of being perfectly equal, but to be aware that they fall short, we must already have an idea of what it means to be perfectly equal; that is, we must already know the Form of Equality.
For example, beautiful things participate in the Form of Beauty; the number four participates in the Form of the Even, etc. One of the main themes in the Phaedo is the idea that the soul is immortal. Simmias cannot quite remember the proof of that theory, and asks for an explanation.
Socrates remarks that this has already been proved, if we combine the Theory of Recollection with the Argument from Opposites. Socrates infers that we cannot have come to learn of Equality through our senses, but that we obtained our knowledge of it before our birth.
The Theory of Recollection xplains that we possess some non-empirical knowledge e. The Theory of Recollection shows that the soul existed before birth, and the Argument from Opposites shows that it must have been born from out of death. As the body is mortal and is subject to physical death, the soul must be its indestructible opposite.
If they cannot explain these things, but can be brought to recollect them to such a point that they might be able to explain them, they must have acquired knowledge of them in some past life that they forgot at the moment of birth.
Next, Socrates presents an alternative explanation of the same thing. We become aware of the equal sticks and stones through our senses, and similarly sense their deficiency with respect to true Equality.
Our soul is of the former, while ur body is of the latter, so when our bodies die and decay, our soul will continue to live.
Bearing in mind that the soul has to be re-born after it dies, Simmias and Cebes are forced to acknowledge that it must continue to exist after death. Socrates has been imprisoned and sentenced to death by Athenian political leaders for not believing in Athenian gods and for corrupting the youth of the city.
And if this holds true of Equality, it should hold true of all the other Forms as well. However, Socrates points out, equal stones or equal sticks may look equal from one point of view and unequal from another.Recollection in Plato's Phaedo and Meno As the earliest philosopher from whom we have written texts, Plato is often misrepresented as merely reproducing Socratic rhetoric.
In Meno, one of the first Platonic dialogues, Plato offers his own unique philosophical theory, infused with his mentor's brilliant sophistry. Plato was a pupil of Socrates, after the death of Socrates he went on to rebuild his dialogues, these dialogues recounted the beliefs Socrates had in regards to immortality of the soul.
Phaedo, Apology, Euthyphro and Crito are known as tetralogy as they deal with the trial and eventual death of Socrates. Phaedo tells the story that following the discussion, he and the others were there to witness the death of Socrates.
One of the main themes in. Free Essay: Recollection in Plato's Phaedo and Meno As the earliest philosopher from whom we have written texts, Plato is often misrepresented as merely. Plato Learning Is Recollection Essay would Aristotle locate the mistake in Plato’s argument in The Phaedo?
In his dialogues The Phaedo and Meno, Plato, through the form of Socrates, puts forth the idea that all learning is recollection. Write an essay pages typed, double-spaced, citing primary texts (Meno, Phaedo) and academic secondary sources e.g.
(Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy or any of the articles or books listed in the bibliography of the text pp. ) on one of the following topics: 1) Discuss the role of wisdom in true virtue according to Meno and the Phaedo.Download