Normative ethical theories are usually split into three main categories: So again we ask: So psychological egoism is false. Again there are different versions: Most moral philosophers seem to think that moral realism is the default view, and that moral anti-realists carry the burden of proof.
Moore holds that ethical statements express propositions in that sense it is also cognitivist that cannot be reduced to non-ethical statements e. If hard work is praised, we are more likely to work hard. But wait a minute. If dishonesty is condemned by our culture, we are less likely to be dishonest.
Welcome to my course on ethics. Moral Skepticismwhich holds that no one has any moral knowledge or the stronger claim that no one can have any moral knowledge.
Deontology is an approach to ethics that focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves, as opposed to the rightness or wrongness of the consequences of those actions. Relativism is pluralistic and non-judgmental.
Ethical Naturalism This doctrine holds that there are objective moral properties of which we have empirical knowledge, but that these properties are reducible to entirely non-ethical properties.
It does not and cannot introduce the end of ethics. It fell out of favor in the Early Modern period, but has recently undergone a modern resurgence. Consequentialism, Deontology and Virtue Ethics: Even if psychological egoism is true, why would this be a threat to ethics?
Prescriptivism or Universal Prescriptivism: Meta-Ethics Back to Top Meta-Ethics is concerned primarily with the meaning of ethical judgments, and seeks to understand the nature of ethical properties, statements, attitudes, and judgments and how they may be supported or defended.
Cynicism is an ancient doctrine best exemplified by the Greek philosopher Diogenes of Sinopewho lived in a tub on the streets of Athens. Personal Egoism holds that each person should act in his own self-interest, but makes no claims about what anyone else ought to do.
Consequentialist theories must consider questions like "What sort of consequences count as good consequences? Did ethics die with him? Non-Cognitivismwhich holds that ethical sentences are neither true nor false because they do not express genuine propositions, thus implying that moral knowledge is impossible.
These early Greek thinkers were all instrumental in the move away from a spiritual morality based on the supernatural, and the development of a more humanistic freethought the view that beliefs should be formed on the basis of science and logic, and not be influenced by emotion, authority, tradition or dogma.
Apparently not from those same religious traditions.
Evolutionary Theory Evolutionary theory is often thought to undermine ethics, but this is based on a confusion. I could just as well make my own list of commands: This has led to charges of individuals claiming to hold attitudes that they do not really have, and therefore are in some way insincere.
But notice what they are doing. People often sacrifice their own interests for others. Contractualism is a variation on Contractarianism, although based more on the Kantian ideas that ethics is an essentially interpersonal matter, and that right and wrong are a matter of whether we can justify the action to other people.Start studying Philosophy- Chapter 7 Ethics.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Start studying Philosophy: Chapter 7, The study of ethics.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Seven Threats to Ethics OR Barriers to Ethical Thinking Seven Threats to Ethics OR.
Barriers to Ethical Thinking The thought that there is no God is one of the threats or barriers to Ethical Thinking. When the centre, that holds everything together, is destroyed there comes a situation where anything and everything can be right or. Intro to Ethics: Seven Threats to Ethics.
by Luke Muehlhauser on November 15, In the field of all philosophy there is only one solution. Science is wrong. Taking the most narrow possible interpretation requires that the human brain function outside this universe. That the human brain is not subject to the cause and effect of this one.
Seven Threats to Ethics. Being Good by Simon Blackburn. STUDY. PLAY. The Death of God-Without a lawgiver, how can there be law?-Stories are steeped in divine origin as a way of asserting their authority as a moral code of conduct for ourselves.
Introduction" and "Part I: Seven threats to ethics. Add to My Bookmarks Export citation. Type Chapter Author(s) S. Blackburn Is part of Book Title Being good: an introduction to ethics Author(s) Simon Blackburn Date Publisher Oxford University Press Pub .Download