How do you respond when you enter Essays using literary theory and schools of criticism oral world of Christopher Marlowe with its overwhelming rage and desire?
Suppose I say to you that Charlie Chaplin, as Stephen Weissman has recently written is dealing in his films with the problem of a promiscuous mother. MRI and PET scans enable us to get pictures of the blood and oxygen flow and other things in the brain as that person fears or perceives or reads or listens to languge.
Each patient will respond to that event out of his or her personal history and character. A free pdf ebook. These metaphorical networks are significant of a latent inner reality. Those are the three minds that the psychoanalytic critic addresses. Each of the various schools in the development of psychoanalysis necessarily produces a different style of psychoanalytic literary criticism.
Scientists like Gerard Edelman or Hanna and Antonio Damasio are showing how we understand words in our brains.
Psychoanalytic reading has been practiced since the early development of psychoanalysis itself, and has developed into a heterogeneous interpretive tradition. We can ask ourselves, how would we feel if we had had a prostitute for our mother? Even more helpfully, we became able to see that literary forms functioned psychologically like various types of defense mechanism.
If so, then a fortiori each of us will interpret a literary text consisting of a lot of words in an individual way. I give you a way of thinking about it. This means that the text represses its real or latent content behind obvious manifest content.
Symbolizing serves to disguise all kinds of content in literary works. But more to the point, they confirm what every psychoanalyst has seen from behind the couch.
Cultural critics separate themselves from New Historicists by going to the opposite extreme of the New Criticists: Mikhail Bakhtin argued that the "utter inadequacy" of literary theory is evident when it is forced to deal with the novel ; while other genres are fairly stabilized, the novel is still developing.
Literary criticism, any kind of criticism, rests on the purpose of literature itself, for, after all, criticism is, as the old saying has it, only the handmaiden to the muse. In Limelight, we can understand differently the appalling sentimentality of the last scene: Bythe controversy over the use of theory in literary studies had quieted down, and discussions on the topic within literary and cultural studies tend now to be considerably milder and less lively.
In such teaching, a critic or teacher can help readers understand what they are bringing to a given work of literature. But then, in our rather phallic society, politicians rarely show interest in the arts Apple To open up art to us.
No single critical approach seems invariably successful, and insights from differing approaches do not necessarily cohere. These new researches confirm what we reader-response critics have been saying for a long time. No more pathography, no more id-analysis, no more symbol-mongering, no more jargon.
The literary criticism that does continue to be written tends to concentrate on established figures. All are illustrated with a worked example and supported with extensive book and Internet references.
In a general way, then, I think the discoveries of brain science are confirming the theory behind psychoanalytic literary criticism, particularly reader-response psychoanalytic literary criticism.
That is, a word, an event—take, for example, a national catastrophe like the Kennedy assassination or the Challenger crash or the embassy bombings in Nairobi and Dar-es-Salaam. We could simply write them off. What is the purpose, what is the use, of saying Hamlet has an oedipus complex and maybe Shakespeare does too?
I started by saying that literary criticism is about books and psychoanalysis is about minds.
I would suggest that the role of the critic parallels that of the writer: I am giving you the opportunity of finding out what obsession is, what it feels like, what kind of imagination, what kind of world, such a person inhabits.
Another idea of prodesse would be that of a middlebrow book reviewer. Rather, just to understand one word, the brain must bring together a variety of separate features, the sound of the word, its grammatical role, and other words that it is like and unlike. But it was not until the broad impact of structuralism began to be felt in the English-speaking academic world that "literary theory" was thought of as a unified domain.
If you observe these aspects of the work, you will have a better experience of it. In the French critic Charles Mauron made the important point that these different levels of fantasies were all transformations of one another, superimposed, so that one could imagine the human being as a series of geological levels with oral fantasies at the deepest level, then anal, phallic and so on forming and leaving traces of themselves at the higher.
These divergent views have resulted in the founding of several famous schools of thought, fifteen of which are summarized here. They point at an obsession just as dreams can do.Read this essay on Literary Theory.
Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Keywords: literary theory, literary criticism, Marxism, Formalism, Structuralism, Post-structuralism Review the schools of literary theory (download the notes) and choose two that you are interested in or identify with ( words for each.
Like all forms of literary criticism, psychoanalytic criticism can yield useful clues to the sometime baffling symbols, actions, and settings in a literary work; however, like all forms of literary criticism, it has its limits.
Literary criticism refers to a genre of writing whereby an author critiques a literary text, either a work of fiction, a play, or poetry. Alternatively, some works of literary criticism address how a particular theory of interpretation informs a reading of a work or refutes some other critics' reading of a work.
Free feminist criticism papers, essays, and research papers. My Account. Your search returned over - Feminist Literary Criticism in Indian Camp By Ernest Hemingway In the short story “Indian Camp”, by Ernest Hemingway, many controversies arise about the idea of feminism in the text.
- Feminist Criticism Feminist theory is a term. The theory and criticism of literature are, of course, also closely tied to the history of literature. However, the modern sense of "literary theory" only dates to approximately the s when the structuralist linguistics of Ferdinand de Saussure began to strongly influence English language literary criticism.
This resource will help you begin the process of understanding literary theory and schools of criticism and how they are used in the academy.Download